Abnormalities in the body during a stroke
Several abnormalities occur in one’s body during the stroke. It affects different parts of the body and can have long-term effects on one’s emotions, movement, eating habits, swallowing food, speech, and even may cause death. Although there are two types of strokes, the ischemic one is common across the world. It is based on the body's abnormal functioning as one’s brain is affected by the limited flow of blood. It is vital to consider that blood is used to circulate air and nutrients to different brain sections. Thus, when the flow is blocked due to stroke, millions of brain cells die within a minute. As a result, the organ is unable to send chemical and electric signals. In general, body muscles, tissues, and neurons do not receive information and respond accordingly because brain cells are damaged. In return, one cannot think, smell, feel, or move because the muscles do not receive information from the brain.
There are several underlying reasons for one being affected by a stroke. They can be connected to risk factors that increase the chances of an individual suffering from the condition. An excellent example to consider is diabetes and high blood pressure. Hypertension is risky for the veins and arteries in delicate organs like the heart and brain. High blood sugar level also causes an imbalance that can damage the blood vessels. As a result, stroke is likely to occur because the arteries and the veins may be raptured, blocking the brain from receiving enough nutrients and oxygen from the blood.
The other underlying reason for stroke is brain aneurysms. It is a medical condition based on tangled arteries at the risk of rapturing inside the brain. Nutrients and oxygen are blocked from reaching appropriate sections of the brain. As a result, the neurons are damaged. They do not transmit necessary information to muscles and body tissues, leading to malfunctioning of the affected organs.
Age and sex are also underlying reasons for stroke. Children under the age of one and the aged persons are at the risk of suffering from a stroke. The same applies to gender, but men are at a higher risk of getting a stroke than ladies while they are young. The situation changes for the aged as ladies have an increased life expectancy, thus, they are more likely to suffer from stroke than men.
There are several preventive measures for stroke that can be applied by individuals and medical practitioners to ensure that people do not suffer from the condition. Nurses can use a research-based approach and educate people on the lifestyle that is best in preventing stroke. Similarly, individuals can engage in physical activities like morning running and cycling. They help reduce the likelihood of one suffering from high blood pressure that leads to stroke. The same applies when it comes to diet. Medical practitioners should educate the community on the benefits of healthy eating. In most instances, fats clog arteries. Thus, individuals should minimize the intake of fats and engage in physical activities to ensure an uninterrupted flow of blood throughout the body. Excessive consumption of alcohol and smoking are the behaviors that put an individual at risk of suffering from a stroke. Thus, the condition is preventable if the persons follow the doctor’s advice on healthy eating and engage in exercise daily to eliminate excess fats in the body.
There are several procedures that are followed in the treatment of stroke. Hemorrhagic stroke is not common. Thus, in this case, the information is related to the ischemic one. The target is to restore the proper flow of blood into the brain as it is the affected organ. An excellent example to consider is Emergency IV medication. It entails the use of therapy and drugs to restore blood flow by breaking the clot. It aids in reducing complications as millions of brain cells die every minute during a stroke.
The other treatment process to analyze is Emergency endovascular procedures. It entails the use of a stent retriever. It assists in eliminating the clot and restoring blood flow within the brain. On the same note, a catheter is used by medical professionals to deliver tPA medication directly into the affected section of the brain.
The last treatment procedure to discuss is Carotid endarterectomy. It is not practiced mostly due to several risk factors associated with the surgery. It is based on the removal of clots in the carotid arteries. The process helps ensure that the brain gets enough blood supply with oxygen and nutrients needed for the normal functioning of the cells.
People aged above 85 years are the ones that are mostly affected by stroke. In Sweden, statistics indicate that the country recorded almost seven thousand stroke cases among the age group mentioned above. Although the figure has been declining since 2013, the condition is still common, and individuals need to follow doctor’s advice on healthy eating and engaging in regular physical exercises. The country has been in the forefront of sensitizing persons on stroke and developing appropriate preventive measures, which resulted in a decline in the number of persons affected by the condition.