Applying Research in Practice
Methicillin- resistant staphylococcus (MRSA) occurs in hospitals and healthcare institutions. MRSA infections affect the quality of healthcare because it increases the overall cost of treatment. MRSA is transmitted through person-to-person contact with an infected individual. The bacteria can also be transmitted by contact surfaces such as doorknobs, taps, and bed rails (David & Conrad, 2011). Due to the highly infectious nature of the bacteria, it is imperative that healthcare facilities maintain preventive and routine clinical hygiene standards (Assen, Arias, Podgomy, Anderson, Burstin & Yoke 2008)
. In the guidelines provided by the National Guideline Clearinghouse, risk assessment is the first step in managing MRSA prevalence. Assessments should be conducted to establish prevalence. The second strategy is monitoring to identify and to tract incoming patients with infections and isolate them on admission. The third and fourth recommendation deal with hygiene issues as stipulated by the World Health Organization and the Centre for Disease Control. The paper recommends hand hygiene as an effective strategy for reducing person-to-person transmission (Assen, Arias, Podgomy, Anderson, Burstin & Yoke 2008).
Appropriate hand washing techniques apply to both healthcare personnel and patients. Healthcare personnel are particularly crucial because studies show that patient-to-patient infections are facilitated by healthcare personnel such as nurses and doctors (Assen, Arias, Podgomy, Anderson, Burstin & Yoke 2008). If nurses and doctors fail to apply established hand washing guidelines, their patients are exposed to cross infection through contact. Proper hand washing techniques combined with proper institutional hygiene regime will significantly reduce incidences of infection within healthcare facilities (David & Conrad, 2011).
Nurses and other healthcare experts have the responsibility of ensuring that MRSA patients are isolated or placed in specific tools whenever they are admitted in the facility. Secondly, the primary care givers should wear gloves and protective gowns when entering isolation rooms. The protective wear should be disposed properly on exit. Lastly, nurses, doctors and other staff who are in contact with MRSA patients must always use appropriate hand washing techniques during entry and at exit (Assen, Arias, Podgomy, Anderson, Burstin & Yoke 2008).