Comparison Between Egypt and Mesopotamia
Egypt and Mesopotamia were hot and dry lands with their populations depending on their rivers in order to keep surviving. Today, Mesopotamia is still a low flat area that lies between the rivers Tigris and Euphrates. Egypt is a river valley formed by the Nile and swept by desert winds. A large delta of nearly 12,000 square miles is formed by this river at the point where it joins the Mediterranean. In Mesopotamia the original river-valley basis to civilization gave way to the spread of civilization throughout the entire region while in Egypt civilization from its origin to its decline was focused on the River Nile and the deserts around it. The Egyptians and Mesopotamians developed means for redirecting the river water for irrigation.
Tyrants Role in Greek History
To the Greek a tyrant was simply a monarch who seized power instead of gaining it according to custom. This led to formation of dynasties that emanated from the power grabs of one sort or another. At the time of tyrants Greek was divided into two; aristocrats and the demos or commoners. The tyrants who were either renegade aristocrats or members of the rich commoner class worked to break the aristocratic monopoly on power and thereby to protect the economic interests of the commoners. Once in power the tyrants wanted to keep their supporters happy by awarding them large-scale public works. With time the commoners had less and less need for the institution of tyranny; by reaction to, their increased resistance, and the individual tyrants became more and more arbitrary and terroristic. Tyrant in the modern life uses power in a cruel and unfair way that ends up oppressing the others. Just like the tyrants in the Greek could grab power and use it to reward their cronies, the situation is common in most democracies.
Comparison between the Classical Greek City of Athens and Hellenistic Alexandria
Athens became allies with Sparta in the face of the largest external threat ancient Greece would see until the Roman conquest. The dominant position of maritime Athenian ‘Empire’ threatened Sparta and the Peloponnesian league of mainland Greek cities. This led to war resulting to Peloponnesian war ant Athens suffered a number of setbacks including the plague of Athens and disastrous military campaign that weakened Athens. Athens later sued for peace and lost her city walls, her fleet and all of her overseas possessions. Hellenistic Alexandria is part of the cities that were formed to mark the end of the wars of Alexander the great. It was at that time that the ‘Greece Proper’ (the territory of modern Greece) within the Greek-speaking world declined sharply. The young and ambitious Greek migrated then to the east in the cities that included Alexandria.
Historical Growth of Roman Power across the Mediterranean Sea during the Roman Republic
Ancient Rome began growing as far back as the 18th century BC on the Italian Peninsula and expanded to be one of the biggest empires around the world. Rome was known for its preponderance in the whole of the Mediterranean region. The Roman society of the ancient time greatly contributed to, law, art, politics, governance, literature and more other human aspects. Rome expanded its military and created a system of government by adoption of a high sense of professionalism. This system of government was referred to as res publica which served asan inspiration republics which are modern.