Death Penalty as a Form of Punishment
Crime is the act of breaking any standing law willingly. Any crime committed does not discriminate on age or social status of a person. However there are ways and consideration of treating anybody who commits a crime depending on age and mental conditions. Punishments of any crime committed vary depending on the magnitude and seriousness of the crime. Therefore a person is sentenced depending on their type of crime, age and mental conditions.
There are however some punishments that are cruel and unusual in a way such as death penalty (Guernsey, 2010). It is usually applied on people who have committed serious and gross crimes against human beings. I highly disapprove death penalty because it involves taking away someone’s life. Instead anyone who commits a serious crime should be taken through guidance and counseling process. Killing is against Gods command and the punishment does not give a person time to reflect on their evil deeds.
Another very sensitive issue is in the case of juveniles or mentally retarded people who have committed a crime. A juvenile is a young person who is below 16 or 18 years of age. In a situation where such a person commits a serious crime there are special considerations applied. In most constitutions around the world, juvenile are exempted from execution as a punishment. They are however imprisoned in special cells and schools were they are taught life changing skills. Some punishments are however put on hold until they reach a certain age for them to be imposed. This prevents an unfair judgment to a juvenile because their reasoning capacity is considered young.
On the other hand there are the mentally challenged or retarded people. These are people with mental challenges and their reasoning is impaired. They are however not exempted by the act of the law in case they commit a crime. They are allowed to undergo a mental check-up before the commencement of their prosecution. Every constitution has special considerations for a mentally challenged people. Their judgment is considered impaired and since their reasoning is not like that of a normal person their punishment is a little bit moderate (Guernsey, 2010). Execution for the retarded is not allowed by most constitutions.
However retarded people have special cells and places where they are put on medication and close supervision. This prevents their condition from deteriorating as they serve their sentence. Executing a mentally challenged person is a very serious mistake since they never even know what they did. Most of the retarded people are usually unaware of their crimes. Some might get provoked and attack a person or use weapons to commit a crime. In some of the most recent cases in America, some retarded people who were in possession of fire arms killed young children in schools. Dealing with such cases becomes very complicated and a procedural process of establishing the cause is used before any court proceedings.
Therefore as it has been stated herein, execution is not the right way to enforce a law. Anyone is prone to a mistake and there should be more decent ways to deal with serious crimes. Taking a person’s life is against the will of God in which every religion believes in. A constitution should be based and guided on biblical laws as well so as to provide a fair judgment to law breakers (Gottfried, 2002). A criminal should be allowed to think of their wrong deeds and reform with time and repent as they serve their sentences in prisons.
Most nations around the world have scrubbed the death penalty law in the recent years. Many activists and human rights organizations have united and pressured most governments to abolish this form of punishment. A death penalty is seen as killing by most people and it violates the rights of human beings (Guernsey, 2010). Most governments have reformed and embraced modern ways of disciplining and reforming people who have committed serious crimes. Therefore death penalty is slowly fading away and might never exist in the future.