The 1994 Rwanda genocide erupted as a result of multiple and complex reasons. Nonetheless, ethnic divide was one of the major reasons why Hutu Political elites with support from the military, brutally attached the Tutsi (Bhavnani 652). Propelled by other factors such as economic, political, and social factors, ethnic hatred played a major role in the Rwanda genocide that saw thousands displaced and others killed brutally.
The atrocities that happened in Rwanda during the 1994 conflict were intended to cripple and destroy a certain human group (The Tutsi people). Although politics was to blame for the wide spread violence, the criminals were grouped into ethnic groups clearly demonstrating the role ethnic divide in this deadly war.
The Rwanda genocide was a clear case of ethnic conflict. The crash of President Habyarimana’s jet marked the start of the war (Bhavnani 652). There was widespread brutal assassination of thousands of people, which was seen as a “strategic defense” of the Hutu people. In past, the Hutu elites showed political support for the president, but the Hutu minority and Tutsi did not support him (Bhavnani 653). To further demonstrate their support, Hutu elites attached the Tutsi and Hutu minorities in order to eliminate political threat. The genocide was built on strong “ethnic norms” making it easy for the Hutu elites to successful overpower their “enemies”, the Tutsi.
Undeniably, the Rwanda genocide is one of the brutal wars where ethnic conflict has clearly come out. The conflict was clash between the Hutu and Tutsi people. The Hutu were determined to eliminate Tutsi people and those Hutus who formed a threat were also killed in a move to form a strong ethnic authority. More badly, the Hutus spread ethnic hatred against Tutsi people, which played a role in generating fear as well encouraging ethnic support (Bhavnani 662).